Tropical Storms Season Commences

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Pathway of Hurricane Rita 2005

The beginning of July 2014 marked the commencement of the hurricane cycle in the North Atlantic Ocean with Hurricane Arthur slamming in to North Carolina. Shortly after, weather activity intensified in the Pacific Ocean where Typhoon Neoguri hit Japan.

Every ocean on our planet undergoes a timed cycle within every year where they experience a great frequency of tropical storms. Tropical depressions transformed in to tropical storms have different names in different oceans. All tropical storms are accompanied by torrential rain, thunderstorms and strong winds exceeding 119km/h.

North Atlantic: Hurricanes
The Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea are also subject to Hurricanes.
Cycle: May to November with the highest peak in August and September

 

The North Atlantic’s worst hurricanes

Magnitude: Hurricane Allen was a category 5 hurricane that reached a wind speed of 305 km/h (190mph) and maintained its strength for 72 hours. It was considered to be as one of the most powerful hurricanes that struck the Carribean, Nort and Eastern Mexico then Southern Texas.

Fatalities: The storm surging of Lake Okeechobee was the main cause of deaths during Hurricane Katrina’s torment in Louisiana. The disastrous hurricane resulted in the most recorded death, 1200 fatalities.

Damage: The Great Miami Hurricane in 1926 posed as the most destructive Hurricane with a loss of +$100 billion in damages.

Click on the following for a descriptive reading of the buildup of the Great Miami Hurricane

The following link shows the top 10 disastrous Hurricanes
http://www.esri.com/services/disaster-response/hurricanes/top-ten-hurricanes

Indian Ocean: Cyclones
The Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea are also subject to Cyclones.
Cycle: April to June and September to November

The Indian Ocean’s worst Cyclone
Cyclone Phailin

Affected over half a million inhabitants in India

http://theconversation.com/super-cyclonic-storm-phailin-the-strongest-cyclone-ever-in-the-north-indian-ocean-basin-19128

Pacific Ocean: Typhoons
Cycle: November to April

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The trails of past typhoons from 1970 to 2005

The Pacific Ocean’s worst Typhoon
Typhoon Haiyan

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/08/typhoon-haiyan-biggest-storms

REFERENCES
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Allen
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1926_Miami_hurricane
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_katrina
http://www.wmo.int/pages/mediacentre/factsheet/tropicalcyclones.html

 

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India Takes On Its Biggest Evacuation Plan In History As Super Cyclone Phalin Makes Landfall

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It has been 14 years since India has experienced its strongest cyclone. Cylcone Phalin, of which was compared to a category 4 hurricane, attacked the east coast leaving its mark with only 7 casualties dead.

A ‘zero-casualty approach’ was taken as Cyclone Phalin brought about 8 inches of rainfall flooding low-lying lands and villages. The cyclone generated strong wind speeds of around 140mph which resulted in large waves slamming the coasts. Many houses were run down by floods as several were made out of mud and bamboo. Odisha’s capital, Bhubaneswar was badly hit by floods, however according to Kamal Mishra, state disaster management official, Ganjam was the area worst affected by Cyclone Phalin.

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India has had a strong history of several cyclones emerging upon its land, with several causing extensive damage with a large number of fatalities. In 1999 a Cyclone 05B killed over 10,000 people and so authorities made it their mission to see that history would not be repeated with the super cyclone with Mishra saying, “we have taken a zero-casualty approach…If people do not move, force will be used to evacuate them.” His and the army’s initiative made a positive response as over 900,000 people were evacuated in Odisha alone with many being housed in shelters, strongly built schools, hospitals and temples. Power and transport had been cut off for the safety precautions.

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Aid was in effect by the International Humanitarian Organization World Vision. They offered help to local communities with preparedness programs which involved training the locals on how to act and react, search and rescue, first aid and how to protect livestock.

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Many believe that India tackled the grave situation with a positive manner, quickly and extremely well. History and awareness plays a strong part in how precautions were taken resulting to a low number of fatalities as millions were faced with the deadly hazard. Forecasters warn that as the Cyclone moves northwards it could cause furthermore severe and environmental damage due to the Himalayas, but India’s authorities are prepared to tackle the threat with hopes to continue their ‘zero-casualty approach’.

REFERENCES:

http://edition.cnn.com/2013/10/13/world/asia/india-cyclone-phailin-aftermath/

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/12/indians-flee-coast-cyclone-phailin-landfall

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON:

CYCLONE PHALIN

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-24487130

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/10/13/us-india-cyclone-idUSBRE9990LK20131013

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/10/12/232631532/more-than-500-000-people-flee-as-cyclone-phailin-hits-india