Chile’s Earthquake: 8.2

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The Chilean earthquake that struck on the 1st of April 95km NW of Iquique caused a lot of stir regarding building regulations. The 8.2 mega-thrust quake was underestimated by seismologists as they expected an earthquake of a larger magnitude of around 9Mw to rupture the plates along the coastline of Northern Chile near the border of Peru. Henceforth, they believe another earthquake of a larger scale will occur and cause a massive rupture within the surface of the plate. Until then it shall remain as a seismic gap.

The quake was felt in Bolivia and Peru and was at a depth of 20.1km. Several aftershocks with an average magnitude of 4Mw to 5Mw were felt and are currently still occurring nearly on a day to day basis. The mega-thrust quake caused a tsunami on the shores of Laquique, however that too was not as large as seismologists had expected it to be as mega-thrust earthquakes produce large Tsunamis i.e. The Alaskan Tsunami in 1964. The tsunami occurred the following day at night and gathered up a height of 6.9ft.

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The quake caused 7 deaths and left 200 hospitalized with 9 injured in Peru. 2500 homes were destroyed with 80,000 people displaced. Although the quake caused significant damage to many, it was said to not have caused as much damage as many had expected. Although a great number of houses were damaged many more were still standing all due to implemented building regulations.

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Since Chile lies on a subduction zone, where the Nazca plate lies below the South American plate, it is constantly prone to earthquakes of all sizes. Chile’s officials aware of this fact have legislated building laws which say that buildings are meant to be made out of reinforced concrete and steel of causes a resistance towards moving ground. John Bellini, geophysicist for the US Geological Survey talked about Chile’s earthquake to CNN saying, “They’re a seismically active region of the world and they are very good at implementing their building codes similar to California.” He added, “Because of that, you would see less damage than in other places that have poorer building codes …. that’s probably one of the reasons there haven’t been as many casualties as there could have been from a magnitude earthquake of this size.”

 

Click the following link to read more on Chile’s building laws

http://voxxi.com/2014/04/14/chilean-infrastructure-resist-earthquakes/

Chile being home to the largest earthquake that ever occurred in 1960 raises concern for neighboring countries of which have neighboring fault lines. Events like the mega-thrust earthquake that occurred early this April has got countries like the US, Japan and Nicaragua taking extra precaution to ensure the safety and security of their nation by implementing building rules and guidelines and continuing to prepare and improve preparedness programs for people to follow with hopes of reducing the fatality rate in the near future. Seismologists however believe that 8Mw earthquakes may eventually occur in Japan and Indonesia due to their mobile crustal deep moving plates. In the case of moving tectonic plates it is just a matter of when.

 

The following link shows ther number of earthquakes of which occurred in chile over the past 30 days

http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/earthquakes/chile.html

 

REFERENCES

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Iquique_earthquake

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-26846984

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/chiles-recent-earthquake-defied-expectations/

http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2014/04/17/how-safe-is-california-earthquakes-in-chile-and-nicaragua-raise-questions-about/

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/02/world/americas/chile-earthquake/

http://voxxi.com/2014/04/14/chilean-infrastructure-resist-earthquakes/

http://uk.eonline.com/news/527503/8-2-earthquake-rocks-northern-coast-of-chile-celebs-tweet-thoughts-and-prayers

 

 

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Aid for the Philippines – Typhoon Haiyan

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Nations, corporate businesses, organizations and individuals around the world have come together to aid the Philippines…
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Although the Philippine government did not anticipate the sheer magnitude of Typhoon Haiyan their response with aid occurred and went in to action immediately.
The government underwent its largest relief operation delivering aid to tens of thousands of people. The Philippines is a chain of 7100 islands with dispersed vast settlements stretching for hundreds of miles and so the task will remain difficult. They spread out over a 1000 armed forces to help with aid.

U.N.

U.N. humanitarian chief Valerie Amos said, “we really need to scale up [the] operation.” She told reporters in Manila “It’s true, there are still areas that we have not been able to get to where people are in desperate need,”I do feel that we have let people down because we have not been able to get in more quickly.” She believes that although aid has been provided much more still needs to be done. Her office has offered $25 million in emergency relief funds. “The priority has got to be — let’s get the food in, let’s get the water in,” Amos said. “We are doing everything possible to rush assistance to those who need it. Now is the time for the international community to stand with the people of the Philippines” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

USA

The USA had provided $20 million. They initiated a massive military-driven rescue operation which included a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, George Washington along with its strike group consisting of 5,000 crew men. They took action commencing with the deliverance of water, food and medical teams. They provided more than 80 aircrafts with aims of transporting supplies and carry the injured to the George Washington for medical care.  In Tacloban, Guiuan and the Samar province Charles Drew, a Navy cargo ship along with U.S. sailors transported over 1900 gallons of water and food.
SWEDEN

Ikea, Swedish furniture chain, have done more than the world’s second-largest super power offering $2.7 million through its charitable foundation. That won’t help Beijing’s campaign to win over neighbors with its soft power.

Guam

Guam has carried out ‘Operation Guam Cares’ with hopes of raising funds to help with aid and relief in the Philippines. Other companies have generously donated money towards this campaign such as Calvo’s Enterprises [$25,000.00] and Guam Regional Medical City [$50,000.00]. The Family Finder Service has been launched by the American Red Cross-Guam Chapter. This is where families in the affected areas may request assistance in reconnecting with their loved ones.

AUSTRALIA

Australia has offered $28 million.

JAPAN

Japan, has pledged $10 million and offered to send troops, ships and planes

INDIA

The relief material of 15 tonnes sent by India includes medicines and hygiene chemicals, fresh water, water purification materials, tents, blankets, mattresses, tarpaulin and ground sheet for shelter, readymade meals, biscuits and milk powder.

UAE

$10 million for aid and relief

CHINA

China, a wealthier nation and a newcomer to overseas disaster relief has not made much of an impression according to authorities. China has donated less than $2 million in cash and materials and is unwilling to provide more. The Chinese Red Cross has provided $100,000. Zheng Yongnian, a Chinese politics expert at the National University of Singapore, gave his opinion on how this has effected China as a leading super power saying, “They still lack strategic thinking…China has missed an excellent opportunity to show itself as a responsible power and to generate goodwill.” However, regardless of YongChina had demonstrated some goodwill in offering the Philippines $80 000 during the earthquake in Bohol.

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, which is tracking corporate donations, had tallied more than $10.8 million in aid from dozens of firms. JOHNSONS and JOHNSONS including Fed Ex had come through with aid and relief…

HSBC                                       $1 million

JP Morgan                              $1 million

Samsung                                 $1 million

Royal Caribbean Cruises      $1 million

Toyota                                    $480 000

BP                                           $200 000

Sony                                        $150 000

Nikon                                      $100 000

Air Asia and Zest Hotels offered free flights and accommodation to aid workers
Although the flow of aid coming through to the Philippines has been difficult due to debris causing the lack of access to roads, it has been much more difficult for those who have been mob ransacked.

It is inevitable that not everyone would receive aid just as fast as others due to the widespread of islands and remoteness of villages. People have stolen from government buildings storing packages of rice and convoys for example. Many believe that this is due to the country’s ongoing struggle with crime. To help prevent future more disruption Tacloban police have imposed evening curfews.

Individuals continue to do their utmost best by initiating garage sales and charity events all over the world to help those in need of aid in the Philippines.

‘BBC News – Philippines: Aid teams face huge logistical challenges’

‘OBAMA TALKS ABOUT US PROVIDING AID FOR THE FILIPINOS’
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‘China Gives Less Aid To Philippines Than IKEA’

‘Guam organizations rally to raise relief funding for Philippines’

‘Guam mobilizes to help Philippines’

‘U.S. Marines dispatched to aid with Philippines recovery’

‘BBC News – Typhoon Haiyan: UN launches $301m Philippines aid’

‘World Food Programme provides aid to Philippines’

‘Germany vows to ‘ease the suffering’ in Philippines’

‘Israel offers typhoon aid to Philippines’

REFERENCES

http://money.cnn.com/2013/11/12/news/philippines-typhoon-donations/

http://www.blogjnj.com/2013/11/johnson-johnson-partners-offer-aid-to-philippines/

http://www.7daysindubai.com/UAE-pledges-Dhs36-million-typhoon-hit-Philippines/story-20059258-detail/story.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/14/typhoon-haiyan-china-aid-philippines-ikea

http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/dailybrew/china-slammed-giving-less-typhoon-haiyan-aid-philippines-004937967.html

 

 

 

 

 

Meltdown at Fukushima Nuclear Plant

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Japan announces toxic danger as severity level raises from one to three at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.

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The severity level has increased due to a major toxic leak, where radioactive water breached a steel storage tank & went in to the ground making this situation environmentally harmful.

REFERENCE:

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/aug/21/leap-fukushima-danger-ranking

 

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2 Solar Plants. Clean Energy Emerging in Morocco.

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A visual of Morocco’s vision

 

Morocco is set to launch 2 solar plants near the southern city of Ouarzazate. One will produce 200MW and the other 100MW.

Morocco’s solar agency working alongside its authorities has decided to move on with constructing a parabolic mirror technology for the 200MW concentrated solar plant, whilst the 100MW tower will be built as a solar power tower. Morocco’s power production is spent on heavily with intentions of it being subsidized. Due to its consumption of power growing at around 7 percent per year it imports power from Spain to meet its needs. Banking sources say financial funds will be put towards the solar plant project thanks to the World Banks’ Clean Technology Fund, The European Investment Bank and the German state-owned KfW Bank. Japan has also generously donated 7.4 million dollars in order for this project to commence.

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“The capacity…will depend on the contractors, who could bid for more than the announced capacity, especially with the 100MW tower which could reach 200m, the highest tower ever seen in Morocco.

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Saudi Arabia’s Acwa Power is currently building a 160MW plant in Ouarzazate with intentions of producing 2GW of solar power by 2020.This is equivalent to about 38% of Morocco’s current installed generation capacity.

A 10 solar photovoltaic plant will be built around the country by state power utility ONEE, in order to generate 30MW with hopes of stabilizing electricity networks due to an increase of demand. A 318MW coal-fired plant will be built in Morocco by a Chinese firm, Sepco III. They seek to vary production and export energy to Europe, where the needs of energy is at a high demand.

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With new solar plants emerging in Morocco many benefits will arise, such as the availability of labor. Not only is Morocco seen for its tourism and trade of goods, but it now has a new face and will be considered as an environmental hub, where clean and sustainable energy will be appreciated, inspiring other African nations to take action. 

REFERENCES:

http://econews.com.au/news-to-sustain-our-world/morocco-to-build-two-major-solar-plants/

http://www.arabnews.com/news/459894

http://www.instablogs.com/japan-to-finance-morocco-s-solar-energy-project.html

 

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT:

MOROCCO’S SOLAR PLANT PROJECTS

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_power_in_Morocco

http://www.greenprophet.com/2013/08/morocco-to-tender-two-more-solar-power-plants/

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/0,,contentMDK:22775166~pagePK:210058~piPK:210062~theSitePK:4114200,00.html

http://www.middle-east-online.com/english/?id=58687